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【考研英语二】因果关系知多少,有明有暗在等你

泰祺集团/ 笔试攻略/ 精品学科/ 英语
泰祺教育 2022年08月26日 7

 

英格丽丝的微笑
 

“英格丽丝的微笑”是泰祺教育打造的精品学科栏目之一,专注于考研英语(二)的钻研。栏目定期分享泰祺英语教研组老师们对词汇记忆、复习规划、做题方法的心得,旨在帮助同学们梳理英语学科知识、掌握解题思路,从而更好地学习、提分。欢迎您持续关注英格丽丝的微笑,这里有:有料的知识、有趣的惊喜!

 

 

 

 

本文作者:殷宪飞老师

泰祺教育英语教研副组长

 

在上一期公众号文章中,我们向大家展示了因果关系的细节题,详情可见:【考研英语二】搞定原因分析题,提升阅读正确率!今天我们对此知识点再做进一步的划分和讲解。

 

逻辑关系

 

因果关系的题目中,有很直白清晰的逻辑关系,也有很隐晦的逻辑关系。如2010 Text 1的21题,这题就是比较直白清晰,because对应文中的as。

 

21. In the first paragraph, Damien Hirst’s sale was referred to as “a last victory” because          .

[A] the art market had witnessed a succession of victories

[B] the auctioneer finally got the two pieces at the highest bids

[C] Beautiful Inside My Head Forever won over all masterpieces

[D] it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis

 

涉及段落:

The longest bull run in a century of art-market history ended on a dramatic note with a sale of 56 works by Damien Hirst, Beautiful Inside My Head Forever, at Sotheby’s in London on September 15th 2008. All but two pieces sold fetching more than £70m, a record for a sale by a single artist. It was a last victory. As the auctioneer called out bids, in New York one of the oldest banks on Wall Street, Lehman Brothers, filed for bankruptcy.

 

解析:根据as这句话,答案很容易选出[D] it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis,文章中的bankruptcy对应financial crisis。

 

那我们再来看一组隐晦的因果关系考察题,2013年40题:

 

40. Women entering top management become headlines due to the lack of          .

[A] more social justice

[B] massive media attention

[C] suitable public policies

[D] greater “soft pressure”

 

涉及段落:

If appropriate public policies were in place to help all women——whether CEOs or their children’s caregivers——and all families, Sandberg would be no more newsworthy than any other highly capable person living in a more just society.

 

解析:题目中的due to对应文章中的if条件句,if后面的信息就是due to所需要的,所以这道题的正确答案是[C] suitable public policies,如果不告诉大家,定位处是if这句话,大家很容易错选A这个选项。

 

接下来我们就给大家整理一些隐性的因果关系词汇,以免大家在解题过程中感觉迷茫。

 

因果关系词(隐性)

 

1
导致

lead to

give rise to

cause

result in

contribute to

translate into

bring about

 

2
来源于

result from

derive from

originate from

stem from

have roots in

be grounded in

lie in

rely on

depend on

in that

be born of/with

credit to

attribute to

 

3
个别词组类

be responsible for

be justified by

drive up

translate into

 

4
条件类

if

when

 

5
相关

link

connect

relate

associate

interrelate

correlate

interconnect

 

相关真题

 

5组因果关系需要在相应的练习题中遇到,大家才会记得住,所以在此给大家展示几道相关真题。

 

2009年第55题:

Also, leadership is a slippery subject, and as he depicts various theories, even Mr. Nye never quite nails the jelly to the wall. He is at his most interesting point when discussing the moral aspects of leadership in particular, the question of whether it is sometimes necessary for good leaders to lie——and he provides a helpful 12-point summary of his conclusions. A recurring theme is that as circumstances change, different sorts of leaders are required; a leader who thrives in one environment may struggle in another, and vice versa. Ultimately that is just a fancy way of saying that leadership offers no easy answers.

 

55. According to the author, the most interesting part of Mr. Nye’s book lies in his          .

[A] view of changeable leadership

[B] definition of good leadership

[C] summary of leadership history

[D] discussion of moral leadership

 

解析:题目中的lie in就相当于because的逻辑关系,所以这也是一道因果细节题,在这题的定位处,出现一个when,这个when引导的从句就是和because一样的逻辑关系,when后面的句子跟着discussing the moral aspects of leadership,那么对应的选项就是[D] discussion of moral leadership。

 

2008年第43题

This is not a primitive barter system. By creating currencies, the Internet removes a major barrier-what Bob Meyer, publisher of BarterNews, calls “the double coincidence of wants.” That is, two parties once not only had to find each other, but also an exchange of goods that both desired. Now, they can price the deal in virtual currency.

 

43. The Internet barter system relies heavily on          .

[A] the size of barter sites

[B] the use of virtual currency

[C] the quality of goods or services

[D] the location of trading companies

 

解析:此题若是靠学生自己读懂,自然能选出来virtual currency,但若是基础一般的学生遇到此题,那就可以识别出rely on就是because的逻辑关系,文中的by......正好对应because的逻辑关系,所以答案就不言而喻了,选择[B] the use of virtual currency。

 

 

以上内容,向大家展示了隐性的因果细节题,这种题目出题量不大,但若是遇到了,我们就要一定把它们做对哦~如果大家有任何疑问或想法,也可以在评论区里留言哦~

 

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